Please note: The Department of State assumes no responsibility or liability for the professional ability or reputation of, or the quality of services provided by, the entities or individuals whose names appear on the following lists. Inclusion on this list is in no way an endorsement by the Department or the U.S. government. Names are listed alphabetically, and the order in which they appear has no other significance. The information on the list is provided directly by the local service providers; the Department is not in a position to vouch for such information.
The American Center (AC) has compiled some Internet resources on various subjects over the past years. Some professionals in some of the listed fields have been trained by the IRC staff on how to use the listed resources.
Contact us for any feedback about the resources included. The lists are not finite. Your contributions are much welcomed.
Internet Resources for U.S. Education
U.S. Department of State: Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs
Subtitled “Your Guide to U.S. Higher Education,” EducationUSA provides “a wealth of information and services for international students at all stages of the college search.” Composed of a global network of more than 450 advising and information centers in 170 countries, these centers “actively promote U.S. higher education around the world by offering accurate, comprehensive, objective, and timely information about educational opportunities in the United States and guidance to qualified individuals on how best to access those opportunities.” Portions of the website cover accreditation, finding a school, visa information, financial assistance, Fulbright scholarships, and programs of the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the Department of State.
The Fulbright Foundation:
Bureau of Consular Affairs: Visa
U.S. Department of Education: USNEI: U.S. Network for Education Information
A basic resource on the U.S. educational system created to inform international exchange students.
Federal Student Aid: International Student
IPEDS College Opportunities Online
Office of Postsecondary Education Database of Accredited Institution
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service
Voice of America: America’s Global College Forum
This weekly radio series profiles international students attending one of America’s colleges or universities.
Accredited Online Colleges Database
A Comprehensive college directory with many resources useful to prospective students and parents for finding accredited online colleges around the US. School accreditation.
Initiative on Historically Black Colleges and Universities
Initiative on Tribal Colleges and Universities
Other Resources: American Association of Community College
American Council on Education
The major coordinating body for all of the nation’s higher education institutions, ACE also sponsors a number of international initiatives:
American Indian Higher Education Consortium
AMIDEAST, America-Mideast Educational and Training Services, Inc.
Association of American Colleges and Universities
A national coalition of college and university presidents “dedicated to promoting community service, civic engagement, and service-learning in higher education.”
CHEA: Council for Higher Education Accreditation
Database of accredited institutions and programs:
The Chronicle of Higher Education
Council of Independent College
Council on International Educational Exchange (CIEE)
Higher Education Resource Hub
Hispanic Association of Colleges and Universities
Institute of International Education
NAFSA: Association of International Educator
University of Texas at Austin Web U.S. Higher Education
Links to U.S. universities, community colleges, college catalogs, and regional accreditation agencies.
Online PhD Resources
Teachers of English as a Second Language
Internet Resources for English Language Teachers
Office of English Language Program
English Teaching Forum Magazine
The English Teaching Forum online is a quarterly journal published by the U.S. Department of State for teachers of English as a foreign or second language. This site contains articles from issues of the Forum dating back to 1993. To find a particular article or issue, click on the year it appeared, or search by subject, title, or author. The ETF also welcomes submissions from English language teachers around the world. Most of the authors published in English Teaching Forum are classroom teachers.
Online English Language Center
This web site is sponsored by the Office of English Language Programs of the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, U.S. Department of State, and maintained by the American English Institute, University of Oregon. The purpose of this site is to introduce educators and learners to resources available through the World Wide Web for English teaching and learning, and to services and resources available through the Office of English Language Programs (OELP). These resources have been recommended by English language educators and learners worldwide, and are available free of charge.
Go to –> Teach English
Go to –> OELP Publications à Teaching Pragmatics
Go to –> OELP Publications à Internet for English Teaching (Chapter 7 of print publication)
Megasites with Teaching and Reference Materials: BUBL LINK Catalogue of Internet Resources on English language education and English as a second language
Selection of links and resources for students and teachers of English as a foreign language. Includes interactive English exercises, student and teacher message boards, dictionary interfaces, word of the day, quotation of the week, quizzes and crosswords. It also features general reference resource, searchable directories, sample test …
Example of reference material for English Language education: The Elements of Style (William Strunk, Jr.)
Asserting that one must first know the rules to break them, this classic reference book is a must-have for any student and conscientious writer. Intended for use in which the practice of composition is combined with the study of literature, it gives in brief space the principal requirements of plain English style and concentrates attention on the rules of usage and principles of composition most commonly violated. [Also have a look at the whole website at www.bartleby.com/reference]
Example of Searchable directory:
Offers original articles and features about English as second language, plus annotated links to selected relevant Internet resources, compiled by a subject specialist, a subject-specific bulletin board, and details of related news and events. Topics include bilingual education, computer assisted language learning, ESL software, grammar, pronunciation, reference sources and teacher training.
Search for online free course for TESL.
Librarians’ Internet Index English as a Second Language Resource
Search for English Second Language
Librarians’ Internet Index (LII) is a publicly-funded website and weekly newsletter. You can subscribe to the newsletter by email or RSS, or read on the Web. Includes many reliable websites on English as a Second Language.
Example: The Internet TESL Journal: For Teachers of English as a Second Language
A monthly, online journal with teaching techniques, lessons, Web-based textbooks, projects, classroom jokes, games, and conversation questions, as well as related links for both teachers and students. Site is searchable and archived.
Other Sites: EduFind: The Website for Language Learner
Language learning tools, courses, materials, resources and news. Includes: Online English Grammar/Games, Test and Exercises/Online English Courses.
OneStopEnglish: Solutions for English Teaching
A site for teachers created by teachers, OneStopEnglish is a teacher’s resource site organized and run by Macmillan Education in order to help EFL, ESL and ESOL teachers. They aim to provide practical help and to provide a forum for teachers to help each other with lesson plans, ideas and solutions to classroom problems. Currently they have around 150,000 registered users in over 100 countries. They have already published lesson plans, letters, warmers, anecdotes and problems and ideas from hundreds of teachers. They aim to continue to publish the materials developed by teachers in the classroom in order to provide a platform for sharing classroom experience. You may register online to receive they monthly update email and for free access to the free resources section and the forum.
Language Teacher Resource
Developed by the University of Ohio.
OWL English as a Second Language (ESL) Resource
The site has many different materials for English as a Second Language (ESL) students and teachers, which include resource pages, handouts, and exercises. Over 60 other handouts and exercises concerning grammar are also available in our grammar handouts section. For teachers, the site has a page with links to various pedagogical resources, including online journals, lists of other online resources, and an annotated bibliography for ESL instructors.
English Club is divided into various main sections. Some of the most popular are: Special Interest (Business English: Business English resources including money matters, news and professional seminars on subjects like CVs/resumes or presentations), ESL Lesson Plans and Teacher Forums.
Learning English [BBC] Recommended for students.
The site is intended to help you improve your learning of the English language. Throughout the site you will find short courses, quizzes, grammar, vocabulary, audio and video that will help you to improve your English. We are not able to offer personalized tuition.
Teaching English as a Foreign Language Electronic Journal
TESL-EJ began as the brainchild of a group of scholars who saw the need for a freely-distributed electronic academic journal. It has grown to become an internationally- recognized source of ESL and EFL information for people in scores of countries.
Internet Resources on American Literature
- The publisher C-Span brings together writers, scholars, historians and actors to examine the lives and work of selected twentieth century American writers.
- This site offers a large collection of free classic books by authors. You can read, search and even add your own annotations to any of the classic books. A selection of author biographies and portraits are also made available. All functions of this site are free to use although some functions require free registration.
- Readers around the world have found this useful. It is a research and reference tool not a term paper factory. This site is particularly useful for those who have no or limited access to university libraries and databases.
- This timeline provides a short chronology of events in American history and literature. It is linked to course pages and bibliographies www.wsu.edu/~campbelld/amlit/biball.html as well as to a set of more general linked resources: pages on American authors
- Literature from the late 19th to early 20th century. Includes full text of several novels.
- This remains one of the premier web sites for showcasing African-American authors and their literature. AALBC.com Author’s Profile will be on a highly visible and popular web site because many author of this page are visited more frequently than the author’s own “official homepage. Simply use one of the search engines found at the bottom of this page to find more information.
- This is the first Library-wide resource guide to the institution’s African- American collections. Covering the nearly 500 years of the black experience in the Western hemisphere, the Mosaic surveys the full range size, and variety of the Library’s collections, including books, periodicals, prints, etc…
- A selective bibliography of open access articles for more than 300 African American Literature authors, favoring signed articles by recognized scholars, free articles published in reviewed sources, and web sites that adhere to the MLA Guidelines for Authors of Web Sites.
- There are lots of American poets that have written good stuff, they are all of listed on American on this website
American Book Reviews
- You can search all romances in this database to find all books that have that kind of plot. Just remember when searching that each genre (Literature, Romance, Mystery, etc.)
- The preeminent Internet publisher of literature, references and verse providing students, researchers and the intellectually curious with unlimited access to books and information on the web, free of charge.
- This site is a treasure trove for readers, because it provides access to a multitude of book-related sites for adults, young adults, and children. Whether you are looking for author information, reviews, e-books, reading lists, or more, you will find them here. Of special note are the Authors, Featured, Hot Picks, On the Fly, and Stars Lists sections. A web site for ravenous readers.
American Online Booksellers
- Offering new, used, rare and out of print books, textbooks, and ephemera. Represents a wide variety often at bargain prices.
- With more than 2.5 million titles available, this site can well be called “the earth’s biggest bookstore.” Fun sight! Great service! This open an entirely new channel of communication between authors and their readers by allowing readers to receive information from your favorite books, authors and materials.
- This offer descriptions, reviews, and excerpts, in addition to editor recommendations and customer reviews on hundreds of thousands of titles.
- Founded in 1900, the American Booksellers Association (ABA) is a not-for-profit organization devoted to meeting the needs of its core members of independently owned bookstores with retail storefront locations through advocacy, education, and research information dissemination.
- This actively supports free speech, literacy, and programs that encourage reading.
- For over 176 years, Baker & Taylor has been providing quality information and worldwide distributor of books, music, DVDs and video games. Visit any of the above Tabs to learn how Baker & Taylor serves different markets with a variety of exclusive programs and services.
- This is a free service that searches over 100 discounted online book store and discount textbooks outlets and finds you the cheapest price for the books you need, in seconds! When you are looking for the best prices on textbooks or a discounted online bookstore.
Free Books Online
- The one books page was started in 1993 and remains an easily navigable central access point for online texts in the public domain. The site provides guidelines and contact information for reader suggestions for new resources to add.
- This free e-books online library is for everyone! This has been designed to provide you just click above on “set display” and select the font size, font color and background color.
American Book Publishing Site
- This is American Book Publishing, writer’s Desktop and all you want to know about books in America.
Elections In The United States
Internet Resources on Election in The United States
Introductory compilation of resources (PDF 508 KB)
General Election Process
About Elections and Voting – U.S. Federal Election Commission
Election Statistics – Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representative
Campaign Finance – Hoover Institution
Campaign Finance Institute – Campaign Finance eGuide
Center for Responsive Politics’ Open Secrets|
Glossary of Campaign Finance Reform Terms – Common Cause
U.S. Federal Election Commission – enforcement of laws regulating campaign fund
Campaign Finance – CRS Report
Campaign Finance Reform: A Legal Analysis of Issue &
Express Advocacy — CRS Report|
Campaign Finance Reform: Regulating Political Communications
on the Internet
Campaign Finance in the 2000 Federal Elections: Overview &
Estimates of the flow of money — CRS Report
Campaign Finance: Brief Overview of McConnell v. FEC — CRS Report
Campaign Finance: Constitutional and Legal Issues of Soft Money — CRS Report
Caucuses and Primaries
Foreign Press Center Briefing
New Hampshire Primary
South Carolina Primary
Boston Globe – Convention
Conventions – Background Information
About Elections and Voting – U.S. Federal Election Commission
Election Reform Briefing – Securing the Vote
Elections – Electronic Voting Offers Opportunities and Presents Challenge
- http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d04766t.pdf (PDF 2.8 MB)
Elections: Status and Use of Federal Voting Equipment Standards – GAO Report
- http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d0252.pdf (PDF 603 KB)
Frequently Asked Questions About Voting System Standards – U.S. Federal Election Commission
Help America Vote Act (HAVA) – Public Law 107-252, October 29, 2002
- http://www.usdoj.gov/crt/voting/hava/pl252_107.pdf (PDF 603 KB)
How America Votes in 2004 – Foreign Press Center Briefing
The Upsurge in Voter Registration and Expectations for Turnout in the 2004 Elections – FPC Briefing
Voting and Registration – U.S. Census Bureau
Voting and Registration in the Election of November 2002 –
U.S. Census Bureau
- http://www.census.gov/prod/2004pubs/p20-552.pdf (PDF 121 KB)
2004 Poll Closing Times – Generall Election
Committee for the Study of the American Electorate – President Bush, Mobilization Drives Propel Turnout to Post-1968 High
Election Reform and Electronic Voting Systems (DREs):
Analysis of Security Issues – CRS Report
Internet Voting – CRS Report
Registration Rises Moderately – Battleground States Lead the Way – Independents Gain Most – Committee for the Study of the American Electorate
The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Background
& Issues – CRS Report
Distribution of Electoral Votes – U.S. Federal Election Commission
How the Electoral College Works – U.S. Federal Election Commission
The Electoral College by William C. Kimberling, Deputy Director,
FEC Office of Election Admin
- http://www.fec.gov/pdf/eleccoll.pdf (PDF 404 KB)
The Sleeping Giant: Still Asleep?The Role of the Electoral College 2004 U.S. Presidential Election
U.S. Electoral College – U.S. Archives & Records Administration
The Electoral College: An Overview and Analysis of Reform Proposals — CRS Report
The Electoral College: How It Works in Contemporary Presidential Elections — CRS Report
The Electoral College: Reform Proposals in the 107th Congress — CRS Report
The Electoral College: Reform Proposals in the 108th Congress – CRS Report
2006 Midterm Elections: Polls
Political Resources – Polling Sources – Project Vote Smart
Internet Resources on International Law
International Law has a distinguished history, but the tragic events of 11 September 2001 and its aftermath have certainly brought it into sharper focus. In this time of conflict, academics, lawyers and politicians are examining many issues of international law, particularly in areas such as armed conflict, terrorism, universal sovereignty and human rights. This is especially acute at a time when the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in the Hague is proceeding against Slobodan Milosevic http://www.un.org/icty/index.html
What, therefore, is international law and what areas of international relations does it cover? Even a cursory examination shows the coverage to be extensive. However, where is the citizen to go for information? A good textbook, meant primarily for the beginning student, might be the 2001 edition of Antonio Cassese’s ‘International Law’.
A vast amount of information on international law and related issues is available through the Internet. This primer offers an initial introduction, particularly for IRCs and researchers not familiar with the subject. It is inevitably selective and does not cover the full spread of subjects, including trade, http://www.wto.org or financial institutions, http://www.worldbank.org
General searches on International Law issues should always begin with the Librarian’s Index to the Internet, the Internet Public Library or the WWW Virtual Libraries Sites all of which maintain their own internal search engines. Typing in “International Law” in these search engines will yield the best and most authoritative Internet sites.
Portals and Gateways
At least seven excellent portals offer extensive gateways into international law:
- Cornell University’s Legal Information Institute maintains a very useful gateway to national laws, trade law and international law: http://www.law.cornell.edu/world/
- The Library Legal Law Exchange offers excellent resources for the study of International Law: http://www.llrx.com/international_law.html
- The Virtual Chase (a fantastic learning tool for any researcher, offering tutorials in many specific subject areas) offers a section on International Law at: http://virtualchase.justia.com/. (also offers resources on Country Studies) Another Virtual Chase exclusive is a tutorial on where to locate State, Local and International Resources at
- Guide to Electronic Resources for International Law http://www.ajil.org/resource/home.htm This forms part of the website of the American Journal of International Law. After an introductory section, the guide is divided into different subject areas e.g. human rights, international economic law, treaties and so on. The guide has additional value because it not only provides extensive links through its subject headings but also includes a narrative for each entry, which helps to more readily identify appropriate sites. Highly recommended.
- Legal Research on International Law Issues Using the Internet http://www.lib.uchicago.edu/~llou/forintlaw.html The University of Chicago Law School maintains this website. It has an extensive array of links with a table of contents more detailed than that provided by the AJIL. However, there is little narrative and links are simply identified through a generic title. This, however, will prove to be a useful supplement to the AJIL guides.
- Guide to Foreign and International Legal Databases http://www.law.nyu.edu/library/research/foreign_intl Maintained by the New York University School of Law, the website provides access to a vast array of databases covering subjects from taxation, copyright to environmental, international, international trade, international criminal law and human rights.
The websites of a few of the principal institutions of international law include the following:
United Nations: http://www.un.org/english
- This is the main UN website with links to others of importance, primarily through its international law link http://www.un.org/law . Through this site, one can access treaties, law of the sea, trade law, criminal tribunals, and a research guide to UN documents at http://www.un.org/Depts/dhl/resguide/specil.htm. Particularly useful is http://www.un.org/databases/index.html, the UN database, which includes the Dag Hammarskjold Library online catalog, voting records and index to speeches.
International Court of Justice: http://www.icj-cij.org
- The ICJ, which sits at The Hague, was set up in 1945 under the UN Charter and acts as a world court. Its website provides extensive information on the Court, its history, purpose, members, decisions, texts on key cases.
International Criminal Court: http://www.un.org/law/icc/index.html
- The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court was adopted in 1998 by a UN conference and opened for signature. It has now received the required 60 ratifications and will enter into force on 1 July 2002. It has been ratified by the UK but not the USA. The website is very detailed, providing overviews, ratification status, access to key documents, and associated bodies.
International Law Commission: http://www.un.org/
- The UN General Assembly established the ILC in 1947 to promote the progressive development of international law and its codification. It meets annually and is composed of 34 members elected as independents by the General Assembly for five-year terms. Most of ILC’s work involves preparation of drafts on topics of international law. The website provides full access to key documentation and the working of the ILC.
The question of human rights is now a central concern of international relations and international law. Websites abound and those below offer a useful introduction:
- http://www.amnesty.org This award winning website needs no introduction, this is the premier Human Rights organization in the field. Website includes news, copies of reports and links to other websites.
Directory of Human Rights Resources on the Internet
- http://shr.aaas.org/dhr The Directory provides descriptions and links to hundreds of human rights organizations worldwide on the Internet, organized by site name, topical focus, and geographical focus.
Human Rights Internet
- http://www.hri.ca/ Based in Ottawa, the HRI aims to offer human rights activists and organisations in particular, but also governments and international agencies, an information resource on human rights issues and the role of civil society. The website includes access to full text reports on various topics, including international law. It also offers a range of subscription databases. One of its most useful (free) tools is the Human Rights Internet Directory, a searchable database of human rights websites recorded by site context, features, geographical focus, key words and more.
Human Rights Library
- http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/index.html A website maintained by the University of Minnesota with access to over 7,000 human rights documents on subjects ranging from treaties and UN documents to bibliographies and research guides, together with links to 3,600 other sites. Includes a section on treaties and other international instruments.
Human Rights Watch
- http://www.hrw.org The largest human rights organization based in the United States, with worldwide links and offices in other countries, including London. Its website again offers a huge resource, including country briefings, specific country reports and the full text of its World Report (currently 2002).
- http://www.interights.org The International Center for the Legal Protection of Human Rights, is an international human rights law centre established in 1982. It aims to support and promote the development of legal protection for human rights and freedoms worldwide. Its website includes databases on Commonwealth and international case law. Also available is a lengthy and detailed analysis on ‘Responding to September 11: The Framework of International Law’ by the Legal Director of Interights, Helen Duffy. Maintains a section on International Case Law.
Some key documents are:
the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948
the European Convention of Human Rights in English http://www.echr.coe.int/Eng/BasicTexts.htm
and the UK Human Rights Act 1998
There has been a proliferation of, primarily U.S., Law School Journals. Many have their own websites with content lists, though few have online texts. Useful general websites for identifying law journals include:
- http://jurist.law.pitt.edu/lawrev.htm is a website maintained by the Jurist Legal Education network listing a vast range of law review journals.
- The best single site for full text access is the European Journal of International Law http://www.ejil.org It has complete access for Vols 1 (1990) to 9 (1998) and abstracts and selected full-text articles from 1999 onwards.
The excellent American Journal of International Law http://www.asil.org/
- has an index of the issues from 1997 onwards and selected articles online from each issue. Full text is available through Lexis Professional subscription. The Stanford Journal of International Law http://www.law.stanford.edu/ has full contents pages going back to Vol 26, (1990), and the American University International Law Review http://www.wcl.american.edu/pub/ilr/home.htm has useful abstracts for all issues. But Emory International Law Review offers full-text online http://www.law.emory.edu/
There are a range of other websites containing useful information and material:
- http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/avalon.htm at the Yale Law school giving access to a vast array of documents in law, history and diplomacy from the 18th to the 21st centuries e.g. the Monroe Doctrine, Balfour Declaration, UN Charter and so on. It has them sorted by year, by major collection (e.g. U.S. multilateral treaties from 1864-1999), bibliography and a search facility. Excellent site which also includes a human rights archive.
International Law Dictionary and Directory
- http://august1.com/pubs/dict/index.shtmlThis includes definitions of words and phrases; descriptions and acronyms of international organisations with links; country links; and online legal guides, resources, materials and search engines.
Internet Law Library
- http://www.priweb.com/internetlawlib/89.htm A product of Pritchard Law Webs provides links to documents and journals probably covered elsewhere but a useful backup.
Legal Essays on the Web
- http://www.law.cam.ac.uk/ Another website maintained by the Faculty of Law at the University of Cambridge, it gives access to a large number of academic essays arranged according to subject e.g. administrative law, human rights, international law and so on.
Tips to advance your career
http://online.sju.edu/resource/justice-studies/29-tips-to-help-you-advance-your-criminal-justice-career Tips to help you advance your criminal justice career brought to you by investigative and security specialist Alan Hazen – an adjunct faculty member at Saint Joseph’s University.
- http://www.firstgov.gov The official U.S. Government website with full and extensive links to all parts of the administration.
US State Department http://www.state.gov
- These are other valuable website from the State Department in relation to international law and international relations and official U.S. Policy on a wide range of international issues. The Office of the Legal Advisor at the U.S. State Department maintains its own Web Site http://www.state.gov/s/l/ with access to Treaties in Force, Private International Law, International Claims and Investment Disputes and the Digest of International Law.
Food Security Policies
Internet resources on Food Security Policies
U.S. Agency for International Development
U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
- Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service http://www.aphis.usda.gov
- Economic Research Service
- Economics and Statistics System
- Food and Nutrition Information Center http://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic
- Food Safety and Inspection Service
- Foreign Agricultural Service/Food Aid Programs http://www.fas.usda.gov/food-aid.asp
- Grain Inspection, Packers, and Stockyards Administration www.gipsa.usda.gov
- National Agricultural Library
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Agriculture
U.S. Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry
The National Academy of Sciences (NAS)
The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is an honorific society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. The National Academies Press offers some free online books on food and nutrition.
Academic and Research Organization
Bread for the World is a nonpartisan advocacy network on domestic and international hunger issues. Its partner organization, Bread for the World Institute, carries out research and education on the causes of and solutions for hunger.
Center for Agricultural Biotechnology: The Center for Agricultural Biotechnology (CAB) is one of five research centers of the University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute. CAB’s mission within the field of agricultural biotechnology is basic and applied research, education and training, and economic development.
CropLife America: CropLife America promotes the environmentally sound use of crop protection products for the economical production of safe, high-quality, abundant food, fiber, and other crops.
Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute: The Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) provides economic analysis for policy-makers, opinion leaders, and stakeholders in U.S. agriculture. FAPRI programs are conducted cooperatively by Iowa State University’s Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) and the University of Missouri-Columbia.
Freeman Center for International Economic Policy: The Freeman Center focuses on global economic issues, monetary issues, the international competitiveness of agriculture, economic integration of the Western Hemisphere, and economic reform.
National Food Processors Association: The National Food Processors Association (NFPA) represents the U.S. food processing industry on scientific and public policy issues involving food safety, nutrition, technical and regulatory matters and consumer affairs. NFPA members produce processed and packaged fruit, vegetable, and grain products, meat, poultry, and seafood products, snacks, drinks and juices, or provide supplies and services to food manufacturers.
International Scientific Cooperation
American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
Award for International Scientific Cooperation
- AAAS annually awards a $5,000 prize to an individual or small group that has made an outstanding contribution to international cooperation in science or engineering. http://www.aaas.org/aboutaaas/awards/int/index.shtml
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
- The Gates Foundation provides grants to established international organizations working to solve urgent health challenges in the developing world. http://www.gatesfoundation.org/GlobalHealth
- The Cairns Group is a coalition of 18 agricultural exporting countries that account for one-third of the world’s agricultural exports. Members are: Argentina, Australia, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Fiji, Guatemala, Indonesia, Malaysia, New Zealand, Paraguay, the Philippines, South Africa, Thailand, and Uruguay http://www.cairnsgroup.org
Carnegie Mellon University-Qatar Campu
- Carnegie Mellon, a highly regarded U.S. research university, offers undergraduate programs in business and computer science in Qatar. The university aims to provide an interdisciplinary, culturally sensitive course of study that will be among the leading programs in the region. http://www.qatar.cmu.edu
Codex Alimentarius Commission
- The Codex Alimentaris system presents an opportunity for all countries to join the international community in formulating and harmonizing food standards and ensuring their global implementation. It also allows them a role in the development of codes governing hygienic processing practices and recommendations relating to compliance with those standards.
Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR)
- The Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) is an association of public and private members in more than 100 countries. CGIAR was created in 1971 to mobilize cutting-edge science to reduce hunger and poverty, improve human nutrition and health, and protect the environment. CGIAR’s research agenda includes the entire range of problems affecting agricultural productivity and links these problems to broader concerns about poverty reduction, sustainable management of natural resources, protection of biodiversity, and rural development.
Convention on Biological Diversity
- One of the key agreements adopted at the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro was the Convention on Biological Diversity. This pact among the majority of the world’s governments sets out commitments for maintaining the world’s ecological underpinnings in an environment of economic development. The convention has three main goals: the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits from the use of genetic resources.
Development Gateway Food Security
- The Development Gateway’s Food Security subsite provides the latest news articles, links and publications submitted by members. Additional resources include helpful subcategories of key issues, as well as bulletin boards, calendar of events and listing of programs and projects.
European Commission Directorate-General for Agriculture
Food and Agriculture Organization
- The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, founded in 1945, has a mandate to raise levels of nutrition and standards of living, to improve agricultural productivity, and to better the condition of rural populations. FAO is one of the largest specialized agencies in the United Nations system and the lead agency for agriculture, forestry, fisheries, and rural development. An intergovernmental organization, FAO has 183 member countries plus one member organization, the European Community.
International Food Information Council Foundation (IFIC)
- IFIC collects and disseminates scientific information on food safety, nutrition, and health and works with scientific experts and through partnerships to help translate research into understandable and useful information for opinion leaders and ultimately, consumers. IFIC focuses primarily on U.S. issues and participates in an informal network of independent food information organizations in Europe, Asia, Australia, Canada, Japan, and Latin America.
International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI)
- IPGRI is an international research institute with a mandate to advance the conservation and use of genetic diversity for the well-being of present and future generations. It is a center of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR).
International Rice Research Institute (IRRI)
- IRRI is a nonprofit agricultural research and training center established to improve the well-being of farmers and consumers, particularly those with low incomes. It is dedicated to helping farmers in developing countries produce more food on limited land using less water, less labor, and fewer chemical inputs, without harming the environment.
Millennium Science Initiative (MSI)
- MSI is a partnership of organizations and individuals promoting world-class science and engineering capacity in developing countries.
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
Agriculture, Food and Fisherie
- OECD is an international organization that helps governments deal with the economic, social, and governance challenges of a globalized economy. It has also worked with governments to support agricultural production by intervening in domestic and international markets. OECD ministers of agriculture support the long-term objective of substantial progressive reductions in support and protection, have adopted a set of shared goals for the agro-food sector, and recognize that OECD’s analysis is an essential contribution to the understanding of agricultural policies and their international impacts.
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Agricultural Market Access Database (AMAD)
- AMAD results from a cooperative effort by Agriculture and AgriFood Canada; the European Commission, Agriculture Directorate-General; the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development; the World Bank; the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development; and the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Standing Committee on Poverty Alleviation
- At UNCTAD VIII, held in Cartagena, Columbia, in 1992, a Standing Committee on Poverty Alleviation was created to contribute to national and international efforts to prevent, alleviate, and reduce poverty, particularly where it is more acute, as well as to formulate related national and international policies.
World Aquaculture Society (WAS)
- WAS was founded to improve communication and information exchange among aquaculture interest groups.
World Food Program (WFP)
- Established in 1963, WFP is the United Nations’ frontline agency in the fight against global hunger. In 2000, WFP fed 83 million people in 83 countries, including most of the world’s refugees and internally displaced people.
Some Food Security Programs
Food Security learning center
- The Food Security learning center offers policy and advocacy, program profiles, and resources on community food security. Examples of community food security programs are presented.
Implications of HIV/AIDS on Food Security
- The implications of HIV/AIDS on Food security is a knowledge database on guidelines, best practices, policy reports, papers, briefs and programs on Food security policy related to HIV/AIDS.
The Michigan State University Agricultural Economics
- The MSU Agricultural Economics portfolio of food security and food policy activities had a lead project: the Food Security III Cooperative Agreement. Outputs by MSU and host-country collaborators on FS III and related projects funded through other sources are listed in the Directories below. Many case studies of African countries food policy are listed.
SMART Food/Livelihood Security resource
- The Standardized Monitoring and Assessment of Relief and Transition program is an interagency initiative to improve monitoring and evaluation of humanitarian assistance interventions. The food/livelihood security section offers resources on methods, assessment and case-studies in developing countries.
Thought About Food?
- Thought About Food? Is a Workbook on Food Security & Influencing Policy. This workbook was developed as part of a series of research projects on food security. As well as using research and experiences drawn from the Nova Scotia Food Security Projects, it incorporates ideas, insights and advice from people involved in food security issues and actions across Canada.